Structural-Chemical Systematics of Minerals

Structural-Chemical Systematics of Minerals

Nenasheva, Svetlana N.; Godovikov, Alexander A.

Springer International Publishing AG

09/2019

313

Dura

Inglês

9783319728766

15 a 20 dias

Descrição não disponível.
Introduction Division of elementary substances on metals, semi-metals and nonmetals Basic types of chemical substances, selected by primary type of chemical bond Simple compounds, binary and more complex compounds, salts. Geochemical classification of elements and cations Highest taxons of structural-chemical systematic of minerals, preceding classes Classes and their sequence The sequence of highest taxons in developed structural-chemical systematic of minerals Table #1.General enumeration of the taxons of structural-chemical classification of minerals Chemical-structural systematic of minerals 1.Type: Minerals with principal metallic and metallic-covalent bond - native metals and semimetals, metallides and sevimetallides 1.1. Subtype: Metals and metallides 1.1.1. Class: Metal s and metallides of sidero- and chalcophyllic elements 1.2. Class: Metalls and metallides of lithophyllic elements 1.2. Subtype: Semimetals and semimetallides (ohly of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations) 1.2.1.Quassubtype*: Semimetals and semimetallides of Va-elements 1.2.1 . Class: Native Va-semimetalls 1.2.1b. Class: Va-Semimetals - arsenides, antimonides,bismuthides 1.2.2. Quasisubtype*: Semimetals and semimetallidess of Va-semimetals 1.2.2 . Class: Native VIa-semimetals 1.2.2b. Class: VIa-semimetalls-tellurides 2. Type: Minerals with principal metallic-covalent and ionic-covalent bond, rare van der Waals forses (native VIa-nonmetals) - chalcogenic compounds: chalcogenides (isodesmical) (R)chalcosalts (anisodesmical) 2a. Quasitype*: Native VIa-nonmetals (van der Waals forses). 2b. Quasitype*: Chalcogenic compounds (metallic-covalent and ionic-covalent bond , rar e van der Waals forses) - simple (isodesmical) (R) complex (R) chalcosalts (anisodesmical) 2b.1. Subtype: Chalcogenic compounds of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations 2b.1 <. Quasisubtype*: Sulfides and sulfosalts of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations 2b.1a.1. Class: Sulfides of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations 2b.1 .2. Class: Sulfosalts of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations 2b.1b. Quasisubtype*: Selenides and selenosalts of sidero- and chalcophilic cations 2b.1b.1. Class: Selenides sidero- and chalcophilic cations 2b.1b.2. Class: Selenosalts of sidero- and chalcophyllic cations3 2b.2. Subtype: Chalcogen compound of lithophyllic cations 2b.2.1. Class: Sulfides (and selenides ) of lithophyllic cations. 2b.2.2. Class: Sulfosalts of lithophyllic cations 3. Type: Minerals with principal ionic-covalent and covalent-ionic bond - nonmetallides of light (typical, noncenosymmetrical) VIa-elements (O) - ox ygen compounds: oxides and hydroxydes (isodesmical (R) anisodesmical) (R) oxosalts (anisodesmical) 3.1. Subtype: : Oxides and hydroxydes (isodesmical) 3.1 . Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxydes of lithophyllic cations with low FC 3.1 .1. Class: Oxides and hydroxydes of s-, ds- and ps-cations 3.1 .2.Class: Oxides and hydroxides of 4-valence f-cations 3.1a.3.Class: Oxides and hydroxides of f-cations with middle FC - 6-valence f-cations (U6+) (R) compound uranyl (UO2)2+ - uranil asids, uranates and their derivates (uranium micas and related minerals) 3.1b. Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxides of lithophyllic cations with middle FC 3.1b.1. Overclass*: Oxides of Zr 3.1b.1 . Class: Simple oxides of Zr 3.1b.1b. Class: Complex oxides of Zr4+ (R) titanates of Zr4+ (R) zirconoti tanates 3.1b.2. Overclass*: Oxides of Sn4+ and Ti4+ 3.1b.2 . Class: Oxides and hydroxides of Sn4+ and Ti4+ 3.1b.2b. Class: Complex oxides of Ti4+ (Sn4+) (R) titanates (stannates) (only (6)-titanates, (6)- stannates) 3.1b.3. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of Nb5+ and Ta5+ 3.1b.3 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of Nb5+ and Ta5+ 3.1b.3b. Class: Complex oxides of Nb5+ and Ta5+ ((6)-tantaloniobates (R) (4)-tantaloniobates) 3.1b.4. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of Mo and W 3.1b.4 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of Mo and W 3.1b.4b.Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides of Mo and W ((6)-molybdates and tungstenates (R) (4)-molybdates and tungstenates) 3.1b.5. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of Mn4+. 3.1b.5 . Class: Si mple oxides and hydroxides of Mn4+ (R) complex oxides and hydroxides of Mn4+ 3.1b.5b. Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides of Mn4+ 3.1b.6. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of V4+ 3.1b.6 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of V4+ 3.1b.6b.Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides of V4+ (R) vanadites 3.1b.7. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of V5+ 3.1b.7 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of V5+ 3.1b.7b. Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides of V5+ (R) (6)-vanadates (R) (5)-vanadates (R) (4)-vanadates 3.1b.7b.1. Quasiclass: (6)-Vanadates 3.1b.7b.2. Quasiclass: (5)-Vanadates 3.1b.7b.3. Quasiclass : (4)-Vanadates 3.1c. Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxides of chalcophyllic cations (without Va-and VIa-cations) 3.1c.1. Overclass*: oxides and hydroxides of Ib-cations 3.1c.2. Overclass*: Oxides an d hydroxides of IIb-cations. 3.1c.3.Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of III -cations 3.1c.4. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of IV -cations 3.1d. Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxides of V 3.1d.1. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of As3+,Sb3+,Bi3+ 3.1d.1 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of As3+, Sb3+, Bi3+ 3.1d.1b. Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides of As3+, Sb3+, Bi3+ (R) (6)-arsenites, antiminites, bismuthites 3.1d.2. Overclass: Oxides and hydroxides of As5+, Sb5+, Bi5+ (all complex) (R) arsenates, antimonates and bismuthates (only (6)-arsenates, (6)-antimonates and (6)-bismuthates) 3.1d.2.1. Quasiclass: (6)-antimonates and (6)-bismuthates 3.1e. Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxides of VIa-cations (Te) 3.1e.1. Overclass*: Oxides and hydroxides of 4+ 3.1e.1 . Class: Simple oxides and hydroxides of 4+ 3.1e.1b. Class: Complex oxides and hydroxides 4+ (R) tellurites 3.1e.2. Overclass: Oxides and hydroxides of 6+ (all complex) (R) tellurates (all (6)-tellurates ) 3.1f. Quasisubtype*: Oxides and hydroxides of nonmetals (lithophyllic) elements 3.1f.1. Class: Oxides and hydroxides of Si and Ge (silicic and germanium anhydrides, silicic and germanium asids) 3.1f.2. Class: Oxides and hydroxides of B (boric anhydride and boric acids) 3.1f.3. Class: Oxides and hydroxides of Se (selenium anhydrite) 3.2. Subtype: Oxosalts (anisodesmical) 3.2.1. Class: Silicates 3.2.1 . Class: Germanates (zone of oxidization of Tsumeb and at France ?) 3.2.2. Class: Borates 3.2.2.1. Quasiclass: (4)-Borates of cations with low FC 3.2.2.2. Quasiclass: (3)-Borates 3.2.3. Class : Carbonates 3.2.4. Class: Phosphates 3.2.4.1. Quasiclass: Orthophosphates 3.2.4.2. Quasiclass: Pyrophosphates 3.2.4.3. Quasiclass: Triphosphates 3.2.4 . Class: Arsenates 3.2.4 .1. Quasiclass: (6)-Arsenates 3.2.4 .2. Quasiclass: (4)-Arsenates (orthoarsenates) *3.2.4 . Class: Arsenites 3.2.5. Class: Sulfates 3.2.6. Class: Sulfites 3.2.6 . Class: Selenates 3.2.6b. Class: Selenites 3.2.7. Class: Chromates 3.2.8. Class: Nitrates 3.2.8 . Class: Iodates *3.2.8 . Class: Iodites 3.2.8c. Class: Rhodonates (tiocyanates) 4. Type: Minerals with principal covalent-ionic and ionic bond - halogen compounds: halogenides (isodesmical) (R) halogenosalts (anisodesmical) 4.1. Subtype: Halogenides (isodesmical) 4.1.1.Class: Fluorides 4.1.2. Class: Chlorides and bromides 4.1.2 . Class: Iodides 4.2. Subtype: Halogeno salts (anisodesmical) (with hexacyanoferrates and hexatiocyanates, rhodonides) 4.2 . Quasisubtype*: Halogenosalts with d-cation-complexformers 4.2 .1. Class: Chloroferrites and chlorocuprites (only s-cations and NH+4) 4.2 .2. Class: Hexachloroferrates and hexachloromanganates (only s-cations) 4.2b. Quasisubtype*: Halogenosalts with p-cation-complexformers 4.2b.1. Class: Fluoroaluminates (only s-cations) 4.2b.2. Class: Fluoroborates (only s-cations) 4.2b.3. Class: Fluorosilicates (only s-cations and NH+4) 4.2b.4. Class: Chloroaluminates (only s-cations) 5. Type: Carbon, its compounds (without carbonates) and related substances 5 . Quasitype*:Inorganic carbon compounds (without carbonates) and related substances 5 .1. Subtype: Native minerals 5 .2. Subtype: Minerals with principal covalent and metallic-covalent bond - carbides and relat ed substances - silicides, nitrides and phosphides 5 .2.1. Class: Carbides 5 .2.1 . Class: Silicides 5 .2.2. Class: Nitrides 5 .2.2 . Class: Phosphides 5b. Quasitype*: Organic carbon compounds (minerals with principal van der Waals forces bond) 5b.1. Subtype: Salts of organic acids 5b.1.1. Class: Salts of benzopolycarbonic acids ( 6H6-n(COOH)n; n = 6) 5b.1.2. Class: Salts of citric acid (citrates) 5b.1.3. Class: Salts of acetic acid (acetates) 5b.1.4. Class: Salts of oxalic acid (oxalates) *5 .1.5. Class: Salts of formic acid (formates) 5b.2. Subtype: Hydrocarbons and related compounds 5b.2.1. Class: Hydrocarbons cyclic (in the order of decreasing = : )........... 5b.2.2. Class: Hydrocarbons oxygenbearing (in the order of increasing : ). 5b.2.3. Class: Nitrogenbearing organic compounds 5b.3. Subtype: Mixtures of organic substances including amber and related substances References Index
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